This unit gives a brief overview of what assessment is, why assessment is done, what is assessed during reading and how to implement assessment of reading.
Assessment can be defined as a continuously on-going process as learners are always making changes and progress and therefore the assessment of their work needs to be kept up to date. It is a way of gathering information about learners; how they behave during reading, what their strengths are weaknesses are, any progress or regression and so on. The information gathered from assessments is recorded and kept to help teachers discover every learner’s potential, abilities and levels of skills – as well as pick up on any possible difficulties the learner may have. Assessments are also a justifiable way to inform parents about how their child is performing in school, if there are any weak areas that can be improved with help at home, or if the teacher feels there is something the learner needs further, professional assessment or help that showed up in assessments, she can show the parent’s and they can make the decision whether or not further action needs to be taken. This includes sending learners to speech therapists, occupational therapists and so on to help them manage and progress from their difficulties.
Types of assessments used during reading include observing- listening intently to a child’s reading, their book handling skills, group and pair cooperation so on, you can interview learners to assess their understanding of the text and of words, teachers can use checklists during reading- to help learners feel less pressure, try avoiding blatant X’s and ticks as learners will see you doing this. Rather use a system of lines or dots which you can understand and remember. You may also use a set rubric which assesses all learners. The information gathered from these assessments is recorded and put into reports and parent review meetings.
The following skills should be assessed during reading:
The main ways to implement assessment accurately during reading is to listen and to ask questions. Listening attentively helps to assess how well learners can read but asking questions is just as essential because of how important it is for learners to be able to actually understand what they are reading; a skill which will benefit them in all learning subjects.